Naples and its wonders
Naples is located almost in the center of the gulf, dominated by the massive volcanic Vesuvius and bordered to the east by the Sorrento peninsula with Punta Campanella, west from Campi Flegrei with Monte di Procida, northwest-east from the southern side of the flat bell which extends Patria lake at Nola. Naples is a city of the greatest density of cultural resources and monuments in the world, that testify to the historical and artistic evolution. The historical center is the result of overlapping of architectural styles contained in about 2,800 years of history, thereby demonstrating the various civilizations that have stayed there.
What to see in Naples:
Piazza del Plebiscito:
Piazza del Plebiscito (already Largo's Palace or the Royal Court) is a square in Naples, located at the end of Via Toledo, not just past Piazza Trieste e Trento. The square is surrounded by many historic buildings:
-Basilica Of St. Francis of Paola: The real papal basilica of St. Francis of Paola is a minor basilica in Naples, located in Piazza del Plebiscito, in the historic center is considered one of the finest examples of neoclassical architecture in Italy.
- Royal Palace: The Royal Palace of Naples is one of the four residences used by the royal family of the Bourbons of Naples during the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies.
- Palazzo Salerno: Salerno The palace is a building of historical and monumental city of Naples, located in Piazza del Plebiscito; It was built in the late eighteenth century by the architect Francesco Messina Secure.
- Prefecture Palace: The Palace of the Prefecture, formerly the Palace of the Guest, is a monumental building in Naples, located in Piazza del Plebiscito, in the San Ferdinando.
Castel Nuovo, better known as Maschio Angioino, is a historic medieval castle and Renaissance, as well as a symbol of the city of Naples. The castle dominates the spectacular Piazza Municipio and is home of the Neapolitan Society of native history and of the Committee of Naples Institute for the History of the Italian Risorgimento. Overall it is also located the museum, which pertain the palace chapel and museum exhibitions of the first and second floors.
The Castel dell'Ovo is the oldest castle in the city of Naples and is one of the elements that stand out most in the famous view of the gulf. It is located between the neighborhoods of San Ferdinando and Chiaia, opposite the area of Mergellina.
Royal Chapel of the Treasure of San Gennaro
The royal chapel of the treasure of San Gennaro is a baroque chapel of the cathedral of Naples which was built on the will of the Neapolitans for a vote to San Gennaro. It is one of the highest artistic expressions of the city, to the concentration and the prestige of the works in it stored, and for the number of world-famous artists who have participated in its realization. Inside are the remains of St. Gennaro patron saints of the city.
Chapel of San Severo
The Sansevero Chapel (also known as the church of Santa Maria della Pietà or Pietatella) is among the most important museums of Naples. Located near the Piazza San Domenico Maggiore, this church, now deconsecrated, it is adjacent to the family palace of the principles of Sansevero, this separate from an alley once topped by a suspension bridge that allowed family members access to privately place of worship. The chapel houses masterpieces like the Veiled Christ, known worldwide for its marble veil that almost hovers over the dead Christ, Modesty and Disillusion, and is a whole complex a unique and full of meaning. It also hosts numerous other works of fine workmanship or unusual, such as anatomical models, two bodies completely stripped to the bone where you can see, in great detail, the entire circulatory system.
The Metropolitan Cathedral of Santa Maria Assunta is a monumental basilica and cathedral and the seat of the Archdiocese of Naples. The cathedral is located on the east side of the street of the same name, in a square surrounded by arcades and incorporates a mo 'of side chapels two other religious buildings of special importance defined in their own right: the basilica of Santa Restituta, which houses the oldest baptistery West, the San Giovanni in Source, and real Treasury Chapel of San Gennaro, which houses the relics of the patron saint of the city. It is one of the largest and most important churches in the city, both from an artistic point of view, it is in fact the overlapping of several styles ranging from pure Gothic fourteenth century to the nineteenth-century neo-Gothic, that from a cultural, hosting it three times a year the rite of the dissolution of the blood of San Gennaro.
Real theater of San Carlo
The Teatro di San Carlo, former Real Teatro di San Carlo, often referred to as the Teatro San Carlo, is an opera house in Naples, as well as one of the most famous and prestigious in the world. It is the oldest opera house in Europe and the world still active, having been founded in 1737 and one of the most spacious theaters Italian peninsula. It can accommodate more than two thousand spectators and has a wide audience, five tiers of boxes arranged in a horseshoe over a large royal box, a gallery and a stage. Given its size, structure and antiquity has been the model for the next European theaters. Which faces a street and, laterally, Piazza Trieste e Trento, the theater, in line with other great architectural works of the period, such as the great royal Bourbon, was the symbol of a Naples remarked that his status as a great European capital.
National Archaeological Museum
The National Archaeological Museum of Naples (MANN) is an archaeological museum, the most important of the city of Naples. Boasting the richest and most valuable collection of works of art and artefacts of archaeological interest in Italy, is considered one of the most important archaeological museums in the world if not the most important as far as the history of the Roman era. The building that now houses the museum is the building of the real museum, built in 1585 as "the cavalry barracks." The palace is a certain architectural significance being in fact one of the most impressive palaces in Naples.
Galleria Umberto I
The main entrance, which opens onto via San Carlo, consists of a semicircular facade, and bottom features a portico with architrave, supported by columns of travertine and two blind arches, one of access to the gallery, the ' Another open sull'ambulacro. The interior of the tunnel is constituted by two roads that intersect orthogonally, covered by an iron structure and glass.
Certosa S. Martino
The Charterhouse of San Martino is one of the major monuments of Naples; It is by far one of the most successful examples of Baroque architecture and art with the Royal chapel of the treasure of San Gennaro. It is located on the hill of Vomero, next to Castel Sant 'Elmo.
The galleries below Napoli were used, over the centuries, in different ways. Born after the extraction of tuff for the construction of the city, they were then put to the aqueduct, without ceasing to be used as quarries. Following the great expansion had from the city during the reign of Anjou, were enacted a series of laws prohibiting carry in city building material. These measures were necessary to prevent the sprawl of buildings. During the Second World War, the underground Naples has been further modified to accommodate people during the bombing.