The historical ruins of Pompei

Archaeological excavations of Pompeii have returned the remains of the sunken city by the eruption of Vesuvius. Archaeological findings began with Charles III of Bourbon and the remains found during that period are the archaeological museum in Naples.


The city of Pompeii was founded by Osci around the seventh century BC on a plateau of lava flow near the river Sarno. It was then conquered by the Romans in the third century BC and exported goods and goods around the Mediterranean, in recent years there was also a great urban development. In 79 eruption of Vesuvius she covered the city of ash and lapilli. The first excavations were had with Charles III of Bourbon, the polls were made by Rocque Joaquin de Alcubierre. The excavations were later abandoned and are taken in 1754. In 1763, an inscription was found that spoke of the ancient city of Pompeii. However, it was with Gioacchino Murat that excavations had a period of fortune. With the return of the Bourbon excavations were visited only by guests of the court. After the unification of Italy they had more cash and recovered digging. During the twentieth century they were completed most of the excavations in the area of ​​the Gate of Herculaneum and Villa of the Mysteries. Since the '60s it was the restoration of existing buildings and this delayed the excavation.


Few villas "otium" found in the archaeological site of Pompeii.

The Villa of the Mysteries:

Its construction dates back to the second century BC, was explored between 1909 and 1910 and between 1920 and 1930. It 'so named for the frescoes in the triclinium. The villa had both rustic settings such as the oven, the kitchen and the press as well as the residential hall, the veranda and the spa district.

The Villa Imperiale:

The villa is located near the Porta Marina and was discovered in 1943. It is close to the Temple of Venus. The construction is preceded by a long porch, full of chapels, about 90 meters long.

The Villa of Julia Felix:

The Villa consists of a double atrium, a peristyle with a central fish pond and an altar dedicated to Isis and a triclinium that had the function of the cave.


The houses were structured mainly of three types depending on the social status and wealth of the owner: the domus belonged to the rich and were very large houses that usually were arranged around an atrium; they also had an area where there were domestic life, such as kitchens and bedrooms and an area of ​​representation, as the tablinum triclinium and a peristyle with a central garden, often adorned with fountains and often a spa district. Smaller houses were actually owned by the middle class and were made mostly from a central courtyard discovered around which opened cubicles and a small garden, a vegetable garden. Finally the so-called pergule, small houses that belonged to merchants, formed by a room that faced the street and used as a shop.